Hi everyone, tennis rules and scoring can be very confusing. Let me explain.
We will start with singles, one-on-one play. Player A begins game-play by serving. He stands behind the baseline, just to the right of the center. He has two tries to get the ball to land in the service box diagonally from him and closest to the net. If he is successful, that begins the point and both players hit the ball back and forth until someone hits it out of bounds, into the net, or is unable to get to the ball after one bounce. If Player A misses both opportunities to get his serve in, he loses this first point. The first point of a game is “15.” (Lets say Player A wins the first point. The server’s score is always said first, so the game score is 15 to 0)
Player A continues to serve. The second point starts in the same way, but the server will now stand just to the left of center. Two tries of service into the other service box nearest the net. If successful, the point begins and both players battle for the point. (Lets say Player A wins this second point as well, so now the score is 30 to 0).
Player A now alternates back to the right of center to serve. (Lets say Player B wins the third point, so the score is now 30 to 15).
Player A will serve from the left of center for the next point. (Every point, the server alternates between right and left of center) Lets say Player A wins the next point, so the score is now 40 to 15. Furthermore, lets fast forward and say Player B wins the next two points to tie the game score to 40 to 40. This is what is referred to as deuce.
A player must win a game by at least two points, so deuce is a term used to say “we’re tied.” From deuce, a player must win two points consecutively to win the game. Otherwise it keeps on resetting back to deuce. (For example, lets say the score is 40 to 40, which is deuce. Player A should be serving to the right of center. Lets say Player A wins this point. Now it is his “advantage.” Player A then serves to the left of center. Lets say Player B wins the next point. This will reset the score back to deuce again. We keep going back to deuce until ultimately someone will take the opportunity of their “advantage” and win two consecutive points to earn the first game.
The second game starts with Player B serving to the right of center and repeating the whole process again. Player B will continue to alternate between right and left of center for the start of each point. After someone wins this second game, Player A serves the third game. This pattern repeats until the moment someone earns 6 games, which will conclude the first set of games.
There’s a catch. Just like a player is required to win each game by at least two points, each player must also win a set by at least two games. First to 6, win by two (Lets say the game count is 5 to 4 in favor of Player A. If Player A wins the next game, he wins the whole set.. 6 games to 4. In another example, lets say the game count is tied at 5 to 5. Lets say Player A wins the next game to bring the count to 6 to 5. He hasn’t won the set because it’s not by a margin of two games. So they would play another game. If Player A can take the opportunity of his advantage and win the next game, he would win the set at 7 to 5. Yet if Player B wins the next game, he resets ties it back up to 6 to 6, in which a special tie-breaker is played.
Winning two sets wins a match.
Doubles rules are nearly identical to singles. There are two main differences: instead of alternating between Players A and B for serving each game, the four players in doubles must each take a turn in a cycle of Player A, B, C, then D to serve. Secondly, the court is bigger and boundaries are literally wider but not longer.
There are lots of other small things I teach in the video so make sure to watch it! Cheers!
Doh De Oh by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)